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Programmes with limited evidence

Limited Evidence of Effectiveness: Strong Evidence of Modest Effects

Programmes in this category have studies that meet the criteria for ‘moderate evidence of effectiveness’ except that the weighted mean effect size is +0.10 to +0.19.

Not available in the UK

Doors to Discovery

A preschool programme that is based on the areas identified
as important for literacy success: oral language, phonological awareness, concepts of print, alphabet knowledge, writing, and comprehension. The programme focuses on the use of learning centres and shared literacy activities in the preschool classroom.




Language Focused Curriculum

Designed for use with three- to five-year-old children with language limitations, including children with language impairment; children from disadvantaged backgrounds; and
children with English as an Additional Language.


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Literacy Express

A preschool curriculum that is designed to promote children’s emergent literacy skills. The curriculum is structured around thematic units that are sequenced in order of


Please email us if you have current contact details for this programme.

Limited Evidence of Effectiveness: Weak Evidence with Notable Effects

Programmes in this category have studies that have a weighted mean effect size of at least +0.20, but do not qualify for ‘moderate evidence of effectiveness’ due to insufficient numbers of studies or small sample sizes.

Available in the UK

Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS)

Spanning the social-emotional, behavioural and cognitive skill domains, this is a social-emotional curriculum, delivered in a
developmentally-appropriate sequence. The curriculum emphasises affective awareness of self and others, targeting children’s ability to self-regulate their behaviour.



Not available in the UK

Sound Foundations

A phonemic awareness programme developed in Australia. The key feature of the programme is recognition of phoneme
identity across words, with special attention paid to nine key phonemes. Large pictorial posters with words of the key phonemes are used in the class to help children learn these phonemes. This programme is no longer available for distribution.





A literacy-based programme designed to help children from low-income families acquire early literacy skills. The programme supports children’s development of four early literacy



Early childhood education

Educator's summary

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Key findings

Top-rated programmes

Programmes with limited evidence

Other programmes

Review methods

Full report (68 pages)

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