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Empowering

Programmes with limited evidence

Limited Evidence of Effectiveness: Strong Evidence of Modest Effects

Studies meet the criteria for “Moderate Evidence of Effectiveness” except that the weighted mean effect size is +0.10 to +0.19.

Not available in the UK

Open Court Reading
A basal text book series that uses phonetic readers in early years, a focus on direct instruction of specific skills throughout the programme, scripted teachers' manuals, teacher training, and follow-up.
Type Curr Available in UK No
Contact/ Website US website: www.sraonline.com/oc_home.html

Scholastic Phonics Readers with Literacy Place
A supplementary phonics instructional programme designed as an optional addition to Literacy Place, Scholastic's basal reading text, which incorporates phonetic texts to provide intensive phonics practice in the context of engaging stories.
Type Curr Available in UK No
Contact/ Website US website: www.teacher.scholastic.com/literacyplace/

Direct Instruction
An approach to beginning reading instruction that emphasises a step-by-step approach to phonics, de-codable texts that make use of a unique initial teaching alphabet, and structured, scripted manuals for teachers.
Type Curr + IP Available in UK No
Contact/ Website

US website: www.nifdi.org/
Contact: kengel@nifdi.org


Limited Evidence of Effectiveness: Weak Evidence with Notable Effects

Studies have a weighted mean effect size of at least +0.20, but do not qualify for ‘moderate evidence of effectiveness’ due to insufficient numbers of studies or small sample sizes.

Available in the UK

Early Reading Research

A whole-class reading programme in which children are taught as a whole class, rather than in small reading groups. Teachers are given professional development in structured, systematic methods of teaching phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, comprehension, and oral reading.
Type IP Available in UK Yes
Contact/ Website

E-mail: j.e.solity@warwick.ac.uk

Four Blocks

A professional development approach in which teachers of pupils aged 6-9 use non-ability grouped, multi-level instruction.
Type IP Available in UK Yes
Contact/ Website

Available in the UK through www.teachingoffthewall.co.uk
US programme website: www.four-blocks.com

Phonics-Based Reading

Computer software designed to help beginning readers learn word-attack skills. Pupils work independently at computer stations through an individualised, structured series of activities that progress from words in isolation to sentences and paragraphs. (Foundation Reading has replaced this product – the content is the same, but the software is updated)
Type IT Available in UK Yes
Contact/ Website www.lexiauk.co.uk (Product training available, in person or on-line)
Contact: info@lexiauk.co.uk

Not available in the UK

Classwide Peer Tutoring

A co-operative learning approach in which pupils regularly work in pairs, engage in structured tutoring activities, and frequently reverse roles.
Type IP Available in UK No
Contact/ Website US contact: Charles Greenwood, University of Kansas, greenwood@ku.edu

 

Ladders to Literacy
A professional development programme for Year 1 that focuses on phonics and phonemic awareness, rhyming, and letter sounds. Teachers receive extensive training and follow-up.
Type IP Available in UK No
Contact/ Website

E-mail: anotari@wri-edu.org Website: www.wri-edu.org/ladders/about.htm

Open Court Phonics Kit

Provides teachers with extensive training and materials to teach phonics skills.
Type Curr Available in UK No
Contact/ Website US website: www.sraonline.com/oc_home.html

 

Orton-gillingham Approach

A structured, phonetic reading approach that uses multisensory teaching, emphasizing visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile teaching strategies.
Type IP Available in UK No
Contact/ Website

E-mail: ortonacademy@verizon.net

Website: www.ortonacademy.org

Reading and Integrated Literacy Strategies (RAILS)

Provides pupils aged 5-8 with a second reading period each day to supplement normal reading provision, and provides teachers with extensive professional development focusing on explicit instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, comprehension, and vocabulary.
Type IP Available in UK No
Contact/ Website E-mail: RJS15@PSU.EDU

Sing, spell, Read and Write

A phonetic approach to beginning reading and writing instruction that uses songs, phonetic storybooks, and systematic, step-by-step development of word attack skills.
Type IP Available in UK No
Contact/ Website

E-mail: k12cs@custhelp.com

Website: www.pearsonschool.com

Beginning reading

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Top-rated programmes

Programmes with limited evidence

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