home subjects reviewsEarly Childhood Primary Maths Secondary MathsTechnology and Maths Beginning Reading Struggling Readers Primary Reading Secondary Reading EAL ReadingTechnology and ReadingTech & Struggling ReadersPrimary science Other Reviews about the BEE programmes latest updates
Empowering

Review methods

A search of published and unpublished articles focused on those that met the following criteria:

  • The studies involved primary school-age children identified as having English as an additional language.
  • Schools or classrooms using each programme had to be compared to randomly assigned or
    well-matched control groups.
  • Study duration had to be at least 12 weeks.
  • The language of instruction was the same in experimental and control classes.
  • Outcome measures had to be reliable and valid assessments of the reading skills being taught in all classes.
  • The review placed particular emphasis on studies in which schools, teachers, or pupils were assigned at random to experimental or control groups.

The full report

  • For the full report, which this review summarises , see Cheung, A., and Slavin, R. E. (2005) Bilingual Research Journal, volume 29, no. 2, pp. 241-267.

EAL reading

Educator's summary

As PDF document

As web pages

Top-rated programmes

Programmes with limited evidence

Other programmes

Review methods

Full report (27 pages)

As PDF document